AMASYA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yapılan arkeolojik araştırma ve bulgulara göre Amasya'da ilk yerleşme M.Ö. 5500 yıllarında başlayıp Hitit, Frig, Kimmer, İskit, Lidya, Pers, Hellenistik - Pontus, Roma, Bizans, Danişmend, Selçuklu, İlhanlı ve Osmanlı dönemlerinde de kesintisiz olarak devam etmiştir.

    Bu dönemlerin arkeolojik yerleşim yerlerine ait kalıntılar halen mevcuttur. Amasya merkezinde uygarlıklarından derin izler bırakan Pontuslar'ın (M.Ö.333 - M.Ö.26) Krallarının ölümünden sonra kayalara oymak suretiyle yaptıkları Kral Kaya Mezarları, bu gün bile ilimizin anıtsal eserleri arasında yer almaktadır. M.Ö. 26 - M.S.395 tarihleri arasında Roma egemenliğine geçen ilimiz ve çevresinde bu uygarlığa ait su kanalları, kaleler köprüler vb. eserlerden bazıları günümüze kadar gelebilmiştir.

    700 yıl Bizans egemenliğinde kalan Amasya'yı 1071 yılında Anadolu'ya giren Alparslan'ın komutanlarından Melik Ahmet Danişment Gazi 1075 yılında fethederek burada ilk Türk Egemenliğini kurmuştur. Bundan sonra Amasya'da Selçuklu egemenliği görülmektedir. Bu dönemde yaşamış olan vali ve emirler yaptırdıkları medrese, cami, türbe gibi eserlerle kentimizi Anadolu'nun en büyük kültür merkezi durumuna getirmişlerdir. Selçuklular 1243'deki Kösedağ Savaşı'nda Moğollara yenilmiştir. 1246 yılında başlayan Moğol istilasında, ilk Amasya Valiliği Seyfettin Torumtay'a verilmiştir. İran'da kurulan İlhanlılar, 1265'te Anadolu'yu hakimiyetleri altına alarak, yönetime el koymuş ve kendisine bağlamışlardır. Kentimizde yaşamış bazı İlhanlı şahsiyetlerinin mumyaları halen müzemizde teşhir

edilmektedir.

 

 

 

AMASYA

Die Provinzhauptstadt Amasya, eingebettet in das Tal des Yesilirmak, des »Grünen Flusses«, bietet zahlreiche reizvolle Moscheen, Mausoleen und Stiftungsanlagen aus islamischer Zeit sowie eine malerische Kulisse alttürkischer Wohnhäuser am Flußufer.

Der Hauptteil der Stadt liegt auf der rechten Seite des Flusses, der von fünf Brücken überspannt wird. Auf der linken Flußseite liegt unterhalb des steil aufragenden Festungsberges das Stadtviertel Hatuniye, die Altstadt. Sie wird überragt von den Ruinen einer Zitadelle und von den pontischen Königsgräbern, die majestätisch in die Felswand eingehauen sind.

Den Höhepunkt ihrer geschichtlichen Bedeutung erlebte Amasya als Hauptstadt des Königreichs von Pontus, das sich zu Beginn des 3. Jh. v. Chr. aus der Erbmasse des Alexander-Reichs herauslöste und selbständig machte. Die mehr als 200jährige Herrschaft endete mit dem Tod des Mithradates VI. Eupator 70 v. Chr. Nach der Schlacht von Zela (Zile) 47 v. Chr. verleibte Julius Caesar die Stadt dem römischen Reich ein.

Während der Blütezeit des osmanischen Reiches war Amasya eine »Stadt der Kronprinzen«. Die Söhne der Sultane Murat II., Mehmet II., Beyazit II. und Murat III. wuchsen hier auf und dienten als Gouverneure. Man verglich Amasya aufgrund seines Reichtums und der zahlreichen Medresen - Georges Perrat nannte sie 1861 das »Oxford von Anatolien« - mit Bagdad. In der Folgezeit jedoch versank die Stadt in Provinzialität, bewahrte aber einen großen Teil ihrer sehenswerten Baudenkmäler, denen allerdings schwere Erdbeben im 18. und 19. Jh. und der verheerende Brand von 1915 stark zusetzten

 

 

 

AMASYA

Area: 5.520 km²

Population: 357.191 (1990)

Traffic Code: 05

Districts: Amasya (center), Göynücek, Gümüşhacıköy, Hamamözü, Merzifon, Suluova, Taşova.

Located in the region of Middle Black Sea, Amasya is founded on the slopes of Mt. Harşena in Yeşilırmak Valley. With its over 7000 year historical background it became a capital of a kingdom, trained scientists, artists, poets, and became a training city for sultan's sons. First steps of the Independence War of Turkey also took place in Amasya. Along with these historical and cultural riches , Amasya especially takes attention with Yalıboyu houses constructed along the shore of Yeşilırmak . If you want to see a fascinating antic city where history and nature mingles and where you can see the best marble apples, cherries, peaches and okras of the world, Amasya is waiting for you with its cosy and hospitable people.

Amasya is one of the provinces which is distinct both with its natural setup and historical values it holds. It was the homeland of the famous geographer Strabo. Located in a narrow cleft of the Yesilirmak (Iris) river, it has a past of 3000 years during which many civilizations left priceless remains of their times. The ruins of the citadel on the rock face of the cleft shelters 2000 year old water-channels, 1000 year old bridges, a mental hospital, an Ottoman Palace and a secret underground passageway. On the rock faces there are impressive rock tombs of the Pontus kings, which contribute very much to the attractiveness of the city. At night, when they are illuminated, the view is unforgettable. The city also has many historically and architecturally precious buildings; the Ferhat water channel, the 13th-century Seljuk Burmali Mosque, the 15th-century Yildirim Beyazit Mosque and Complex; the 14th-century Ilhanli Bimarhane Mental Hospital with lovely reliefs around its portal, the extraordinary octagonal Kapi Aga Medrese, the Torumtay Mousoleum and the Gok Medrese. There are traditional Turkish mansions which have been well-preserved. The 19th-century Hazeranlar Mansion has been restored perfectly and now it is of great interest with an art gallery on its first floor and an ethnographical museum on the second. The Archaeological Museum of Amasya has an interesting collection including the mummies of the Ilhanli rulers of Amasya.

As for natural beauty, Amasya is set apart from the rest of Anatolia in its tight mountain valley and hides its own secret beauty. Lake Borabay (65 kms northeast of Amasya) is a crater lake with an amazing view and fresh air. It is a perfect area for fishing (especially trout), for picnicking and for being alone with nature. Yedikir Dam Lake and Omarca National Park are other excursion sites.Terzikoy spa center, a thermal resort, is also worth a visit.

Historically AMASEIA, or AMASIA, city, capital of Amasya il (province), northern Turkey, on the Yesil River, also called the Iris River. Capital of the kings of Pontus until about 183 BC, it was made a free city and the administrative center of a large territory by Pompey in 65 BC. In the 2nd century AD, it received the titles "metropolis" and "first city" under the Romans. It was the capital of the Turkmen Danismend emirs until annexed by the Seljuk ruler Kilic Arslan a century later. It became a major center of learning in Anatolia after being incorporated into the Ottoman Empire by Sultan Bayezid I (reigned 1389-1402).

Beautifully situated in a narrow gorge with renowned orchards, it was much favored by the early Ottomans; crown princes often served as governors. A castle mentioned by the ancient geographer Strabo, who was born there, now lies in ruins on the summit of a rock, though it was restored during Byzantine and Ottoman periods. Notable medi******* buildings include several mosques and a library. Old buildings are concentrated on the heavily populated southern side of the river, connected to the north by five bridges. Many monuments were damaged by earthquakes in 1734, 1825, and 1939.

Amasya, between the Black Sea and inner Anatolia, lies at the center of a region of fertile plains crossed by the Yesil, Çekerek, and Tersakan rivers. Regional economic activities include agriculture, mining, textiles, and cement production

 

 

 

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